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Afghanistan Cave Complexes 1979-2004

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Afghanistan Cave Complexes 1979-2004
by Osprey
Author: Mir Bahmanyar
Publish Year: 2004
Pages: 64
Dimensions: 7x10x.25"
Restockable: Yes
NKG part #: 2148679515
Mfg. part #: OSPFOR026
Type: Softcover
Series: FOR26


Following the Soviet invasion in 1979, the Mujahideen defenders of Afghanistan developed and reinforced many natural cave systems to use as supply bases and defensive positions. The Taliban and Al Qaeda further strengthened these positions in the 1990s. Following the events of September 11, 2001, these cave systems have once more come to prominence and sites such as Tora Bora and Zhawar Kili have featured in news headlines around the world. This title provides an analysis of these caves and underground systems, and discusses the U.S.-led Coalition's tactical approach to dislodging the enemy from these fortified positions.

Design and Development
Tour of the Sites
The Principles of Defense
The Living Sites
Operational History
The Sites Today
Bibliography and Further Reading