The three Elven rings were among the most powerful magical creations in Middle-earth. Forged by Celebrimbor, but unlike all the other rings made under the tutelage of Sauron in Eregion, they were made in secret and untainted by the Dark-lord's touch. In them a great part of the Elven power was invested and henceforth the fate of the elves was bound up with that of the Elven-rings.
The first ring was Narya, the ring of Fire whose first bearer was Cirdan of the Havens. Nenya, the ring of adamant or water was borne by Galadriel of Lothlorien. Vilya the ring of air, whose stone was sapphire was borne by Gilgalad the last high-king in the west. The One ring was forged by Sauron himself in the choking furnaces of Orodruin, and had power over all the lesser rings save those of the Elves. The One-ring was cut from the finger of the Dark-lord by Elendil the Tall, whose son Isildur claimed it for his own upon his father's death.